Many of you will be aware that the ACT for Youth film and lesson plan, launched in 2017, included basic first aid techniques, written by St John Ambulance, which could be used to treat casualties whilst hiding during a terrorist attack.
This collaboration with SJA (St John Ambulance) has now been extended to include guidance for the wider adult public and has been published on the NaCTSO website.
The SJA guidance is now the official CT Policing stance on the provision of first aid, following a terrorist attack, and any enquiries you might receive should be dealt with by signposting to the SJA material.
How to administer CPR to a casualty has been deliberately omitted from the SJA guidance for the expert medical reasons outlined below and in the context of a terror attack:
• It could potentially be very hazardous to the helper to attempt CPR in the case of a chemical incident. Professional help should be sought as soon as possible.
• CPR in the event of an explosion or blast is very unlikely to be effective because of why the heart stopped. Providing blood is the most effective treatment for traumatic cardiac arrest of this kind. Professional help will be on the way, and securing the personal safety of survivors and potential helpers is the key priority.
• CPR following a stabbing or a shooting has a fractionally higher possibility of success, but professional intervention is required as soon as possible, and a positive outcome is unlikely unless blood, or some interventional means of controlling the bleeding, followed by rapid evacuation, can be provided.
The guidance stresses that following a terrorist attack first aid should only be administered when safe to do so, but this does not represent a change in CT Policing core advice for anyone caught up in a gun or knife terror attack, which remains to – Run, Hide, Tell.
It is acknowledged that the CitizenAid app also provides authoritative guidance, and although it can be referenced as part of a discussion or presentation it will not be formally endorsed by National CT Policing on any slides or other corporate literature.